Incoterms: DDU – Delivery Duty Unpaid

Education Incoterms 2000 53 comments

DDU – Delivery Duty Unpaid – Is a fairly common incoterm and can be used for any mode of transport. Under DDU terms the seller is responsible for making the goods available to the buyer at a named place of destination but not cleared for import. The seller is also responsible for all the costs involved to deliver the goods to the named place of destination. The seller’s risk also does not end until it reaches the names place of destination.
A common misconception with DDU is that the seller is also responsible for the inland transport of the goods to their final destination after the buyer has arranged for import clearance. This is incorrect. The buyer assumes all risk and responsibility for the import clearance, duties, and delivery to final destination.

Under DDU terms the seller’s risk and responsibility end once the goods have been made available to the buyer at the named place of destination. The seller is also responsible for all costs up to the named place of destination, but is not responsible for delivering the goods to their final destination.

Seller’s responsibilities:
1) Produces the goods and commercial documents as required by the sales contract.
2) Arranges for export clearance and all export formalities.
3) Arranges and pays for all costs for the transportation of the goods up to named place of destination.
4) Assumes all risk to the goods (loss or damage) up to the point they have been made available to the buyer at the named place of destination. SPECIAL NOTE: Under DDU terms the seller is under no obligation to provide insurance. However, he may have a vested interest in the goods during the voyage. It may be a wise decision to purchase additional insurance coverage in the case of a loss.
5) Seller must advise the buyer that the goods have been delivered to the carrier and the appropriate arrival information.
6) Seller has to provide the buyer with transport documents that will allow the buyer to take possession of the goods at the named place of destination.

Buyer’s Responsibilities:

1) Buyer must pay for the goods as per the sales contract
2) Buyer must obtain all commercial documentation, licenses, and authorizations required for import and arrange for import clearance and formalities at own risk and cost.
3) Buyer takes delivery of the goods after they have been delivered by the seller to the named place of destination.
4) Buyer must assume all risks for the goods from the time the goods have been made available at the named place of destination.
5) Buyer pays for all costs of transportation, import customs formalities and duty fees, and all other formalities and charges related to the transportation of the shipment from the time the goods have been made available at the named place of destination.
6) Buyer would accept the seller’s transport documents provided they conform with the sales contract and will allow the buyer to take possession of the goods after delivery to the named place of destination.

Did you find this post useful? Then check out our complete overview of Incoterms 2000.

This interpretation is provided as a guide only.

Incoterms are published by the International Chamber of Commerce and are available on their website and official publication “Incoterms 2000″. For a complete and official overview please refer to the ICC’s publication.

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  • Yvonne December 5, 2013, 7:27 pm

    Hi,
    Need your advice on the following:-

    I had a shipment for UK to HK under DDU terms.
    Damaged was found upon arrival at port of destination.
    Insurance was taken up by Consignee in HK.
    In this case, who is the rightful claimant or if claim is payable, who should the claim pay to?

  • Clarychan March 4, 2014, 4:02 am

    Dear,
    Need your advice.
    As we know, incoterms define the responsibility of export and import formalities. But how about the clearance title?

    Under the DDP term, the seller should do the import formalities. But whose title will be illustrate on the import clearance certificate? The seller ? or the buyer? Does the seller need a import quolification in the imported country?

  • Solomon May 20, 2014, 2:20 am

    Dear Sir,

    Who (Seller/Buyer) has to arrange the Insurance under DDU Incoterms ?

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